The hanbok is the traditional dress of North and South Korea. In North Korea, however, it is called Joseon Ot (조선옷) instead of hanbok. Ot(옷) means clothes.
It consists of two main pieces. Jeogori (저고리) for the upper garment and for the lower garment is chima(치마) for girls and baji(바지) for pants.
Hanbok established during the Goguryeo Kingdom (37 BCE- 668 CE). The general design of hanbok has a delicate flow of lines similar to the hanok – traditional Korean houses.
There are different kinds of hanbok according to wearer’s gender, class, profession, social status, and season. Colors also symbolized social position and marital status.
Royalty, court officials, and the upper class wore bright-colored hanboks, while commoners wore light earth-colored hanboks such as white, pale pink, light green, and charcoal. Unmarried women wore a yellow top and red skirt. While married women wore a green top and red skirt.
The patterns on Hanboks also have meanings represent the wearer’s wishes: A Peony flower embroidery on a bridal gown represented a wish for honor and wealth. Lotus flowers represented a wish for nobility. Dragons, phoenixes, cranes, and tigers symbolized royalty and high-ranking officials. and white for purity and modesty regardless of the status
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